Intestinal and parasitic infections

 Acute Intestinal Infections (A.I.I) are one of the primary causes of hospitalization in infectious disease  departments. In accordance with the data provided by the contemporary literature the following bacterial and viral agents are the most often detectable and generally spread etiological agents of AII:

Bacterial agents:

  • Shigella species microorganisms  and enteroinvasive E coli (EIEC);
  • Salmonella species microorganisms;
  • Thermophillic group of  Campylobacter species microorganisms;
  • Enteropathogenic E coli (EPEC) and enteroaggregative E coli (EAEC);

Viral agents  

  • Group A rotaviruses;
  • Genotype 2 noroviruses;
  • Group F adenoviruses (Types 40  and 41);
  • Astroviruses.

 The following causative agents are less widely or not universally spread but are no less important for epidemic outbreaks:

  • Vibrio cholerae;
  • Yersinia pseudotuberculosis; 2.
  • Clostridium difficile;
  • Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC),  Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC);
  • Genotype 1 Enteroviruses;
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